Rosacea is a disorder that affects the skin causing small red acne-like bumps to appear on the face of its sufferer. Usually, it is a condition that is known to affect adults of about the age range of 30—50; it is known from its status as incurable, and characterized by reddened cheek and noses. Rosacea could stretch its arms of infestation beyond the face and extend to the neck, chest, and even the ears. The redness that is associated with the disorder sometimes become so intense that it develops into a condition known as rhinophyma; at this point the vessels carrying blood within the face begin to get abnormal exposure and the facial tissues begin to coagulate, often resulting in large nose and thick skins. In the absence of adequate care, the condition can further degenerates into formation of pimples and pus-containing bumps on the face. In certain situations, Rosacea leads to the irritation of the eyes thereby causing the eye to bear an appearance of being water-laddered and blood-streaked.
Rosacea has no respect for persons, a wide scope of the population is susceptible to the disorder; in fact the former US president Bill Clinton, the princess of Wales, Diana, as well as the comic film star W.C. Fields had been victims of the life-threatening disorder. However, the condition has been noticed to affect people who are light in complexion and blush with ease (Well, we would find out how correct we are about this). While the condition is more prevalent amongst women, than men, it can get very severe and this is possibly because they do not seek healthcare fast enough.
As it currently stands, there are no known cures for Rosacea, however there are control therapies and preventive techniques that can be employed to monitor and manage the problem at home like Rosacea free forever. It is recommended that individuals that have any suspicion about Rosacea should consult medical attention quickly for the necessary care.
Signs and Symptoms that point to the disorder
While Rosacea can be exhibited in diverse symptoms, the disorder is characterized by some primary signals that are suggestive of its presence. Experts in the field of medicine have put together a number of signs that often develop when Rosacea infests an individual and thus should be watched out for when conducting a diagnosis of Rosacea. The signs are classified in two categories:
Fundamental Indicators of Rosacea
- Flushing—Usually Rosacea is associated with flushing, in fact flushing and reddened face is so indicative of Rosacea. So those who are known to blush are more susceptible to the disorder.
- Permanent sort of Facial Redness—This is one particular signal of Rosacea. Blushes fade away with time, but this sort of redness persists and is retained in the face even after a long while.
- Acne—The condition often comes with small bumps and zits that carry pus in them. Usually these result when treatments were not administered at the early stages of the disorder.
- Appearance of Veins and Arteries—The vessels begin to appear on the skin when people get the disorder.
Secondary Indicators of Rosacea
- Ocular Rosacea—This is a condition whereby the eye gets irritated and look as though there is water hanging on it; sometimes you get to observe streaks of blood in the eyes as well. It is sometimes characterized with sties, and more often than not, the eyelids gets inflamed and reddened. If the victim fails to receive professional treatment, their cornea could become faulty and consequently they could ultimately suffer from complete blindness.
- Facial Discomfort—Rosacea is often accompanied by some sudden itchy feeling on the face of the victims, and this sensation can be a huge source of inconvenience.
- The Face begins to lack Moisture—Sufferers of Rosacea often experience dryness of the face; and soon their face gets so rough in texture.
- Red Patches on the facial skin—Rosacea comes with spots of red littered on the face of sufferers of the ailment.
- Increased Thickness of the Skin—Like in the case of C. Fields, the skin that covers the nose can get so thick as a result of accumulated tissues. This is called rhinophyma, and is known to be more prevalent among the men folk compared to women.
- Inflamed Face—Also called edema, the phenomenon whereby the face swells abnormally is often associated with Rosacea.
- Non-facial Indicators—Some other signals are exhibited in locations that are removed from the face. The symptoms could be on the neck, chest, or ear.
Variants of Rosacea
A global committee of 17 experts in the field of medicine responsible for reviewing and reaching consensus on matters related to the medical field has grouped on the Rosacea condition into four subclasses based on the symptoms that are observed. They are:
- 1st Variant is also known as erythematotelangiectatic rosacea and it is marked by blushing and retained redness of the face, and in most cases signaled by appearance of the blood vessels.
- 2nd Variant is also known as papulopustular rosacea and it is marked by the presence of zits and bumps that often contain pus.
- 3rd Variant is also known as phymatous rosacea and it is marked by thickened skin and increased tissues and consequently leads to the increase in the size of the nose.
- 4th Variant is also known as ocular rosacea and it is marked by such phenomenon as inflamed eyelids, periodic styes, tearing and burning of the eyes and ultimately blindness as a result of problems linked with the cornea.
It sometimes happens that some individuals experience more than one symptom; usually it so happens that one symptom appears after one has disappeared. It should be noted that despite the fact that the variants are distinct and do not appear together or inter-metamorphose, they could advance from a moderate state into some more severe state. A quickly medical attention is highly suggested upon observation of any symptoms related to the disorder.
Rosacea in the Black-colored Skin
In the University of Kwazulu-Natal South Africa, a team of researchers investigated the possibility of Rosacea in the black skin. Conducting the study with some of the darkest colored skins (type V and type VI) that can be assessed; they found that about 1 in 500 of the sample they considered had Rosacea.
Diagnosis carried out on those with type V skins indicated redness or erythema, appearance of blood vessels, as well as presence of red bumps or erythematous papules. On the contrary, diagnosis conducted on the type VI skinned patients indicated only the presence of colored papules. In addition, some of the patients who had used skin-lighteners previously responded positively to tests on the appearance of blood vessels and facial redness. This led the team to the following conclusion: it is very likely that the low incidence of Rosacea reported among the blacks has to do with the strong coloration or melanin content of their skin. While there were hardly patients with eye-related symptoms, none of the patients were associated with blushing.
Having made the conclusion that the concentration of the melanin pigment could mask the Rosacea condition, they also pointed that most of the patients diagnosed of Rosacea were also diagnosed of HIV; and opening a new dimension of studying Rosacea and its possible correlation with HIV.